Superconducting & mesoscopic structures

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Transport phenomena in nanostructured superconductors
We study artificial layered and granular superconducting systems which are composed of grains and layers of low dimensions
  Objects :                                  
  • heterostructures of AIVBVI - type
  • metal-insulator multilayers
  • sol-gel granular films
  • intrinsic pinning and vortex lattice in multilayers
  • creep of magnetic flux
  • superconductor-insulator transition
  • anomal hysteresis in IVC
Superconducting  heterostructures  AIVBVI
The heterostructures are made of chalcogenides: PbS, PbSe, PbTe, YbS, YbSe, YbTe, EuS, EuSe, EuTe. They are semiconductors with the crystal lattice of NaCl-type. The difference in crystal lattice periods is compensated by the formation of misfit dislocation grid at the interface between layers. The grid's period varies from 5.2 to 23nm depending on the combination of semiconductors.

If at least one of the semiconductors is narrow-gap, the elastic stress field along the dislocation lines cause the band inversion in it and free charge carriers appear. The dislocation net acquires metallic properties that results in the metallic-type conductivity at the intrface.

At low temperatures the heterostructures exhibit superconductivity with critical temperatures Tc  6.5K. The superconductivity is inherent only to the heterostructures, while individual films are semiconductors.

The dimensionality and period of the self-organized superconducting nanostructures in semiconductor heterostructures can be changed by the choice of the type of semiconductors, the thickness of the semiconductor layers, and their number. It is possible to produce:
- arrays of quantum dots with a single Josephson weak links;
- continuous superconducting nanonets;
- quasi-3D structures - multilayers.
The dimensionality and anisotropy of these heterostructures can be seen from the behaviour of upper critical magnetic fields. The superlattices exhibit 3d-behavior near Tc and at lower temperatures the dimensional crossover to 2d-bevahior is observed.
The critical magnetic fields of bilayer sandwiches are more anisotropic. The dimensional crossover from 2d- to 1d-behaviour is observed. A sharp divergence for the perpendicular critical magnetic field dependence is characteristic of superconducting nanonets.

Two-layer heterostructures with island-like conductive interface exhibit the magnetic field induced superconductor-insulator transition: fan-like set of R(T) curves at different magnetic fields; crossing of R(B) curves at different temperatures.
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